Born in 1913 in Budapest. Deceased in 1954 in Thai Binh, Indochina.
Robert Capa is one of the most well known photojournalists of the twentieth century. Born Endre Ernö Friedmann in a family of Jewish tailors, he was forced to leave Hungary at the age of seventeen because of leftist student activities; he fled to Berlin, where he enrolled at the Deutsche Hochschule für Politik as a student of journalism. With no money, no profession, and little knowledge of German, he turned to the camera as a means of earning a living. In 1933, he moved to Paris, where he met Chim, Stein, and Taro. Quickly gaining a reputation for his photographs of the Spanish Civil War, his work was characterized as viscerally close to the action, as had rarely been seen before. In roll after roll of film in the so-called Mexican suitcase, one can see Capa move with his subjects, chasing the action, seeking to understand and experience events as his subjects do. In 1947, Robert Capa creates the Magnum Photos agency with Henri Cartier-Bresson, George Rodger and Chim (David Seymour).
Born in 1910 in Stuttgart. Deceased in 1937 in Brunete, Spain.
Gerda Taro was one of the first recognised women photojournalists. Born Gerta Pohorylle in Stuttgart (August 1, 1910–Brunete, Spain, July 26, 1937) and raised in Leipzig in a middle-class Jewish family, she fled to Paris in 1933. She soon met ‘André’ Friedmann and started photographing; in the spring of 1936, they reinvented themselves as Robert Capa and Gerda Taro. In August 1936, Taro and Capa arrived in Spain as freelancers to document the Republican cause for the French press. She became a pioneering photojournalist whose brief career consisted almost exclusively of dramatic photographs from the front lines of the Spanish Civil War. Her later style is similar to Capa’s, but it differs in her interest in formal compositions and a level of intensity in photographing morbid subjects. Taro worked alongside Capa and the two collaborated closely. While covering the crucial Battle of Brunete, she was struck by a tank and died. Taro was the first female photographer to be killed while reporting on war.
Born in 1911 in Warsaw. Deceased in 1956 in Suez.
Chim was born Dawid Szymin (Warsaw, November 20, 1911–Suez, November 10, 1956) into an intellectual family of publishers, of Yiddish and Hebrew books. In 1933, after studying graphic arts in Leipzig, he turned to photography to support himself while continuing his studies at the Sorbonne in Paris. Soon he was recognized for his strong photographs of political events of the Popular Front and became a regular contributor to the French Communist magazine Regards. Like Capa, he covered the entirety of the Spanish Civil War. But unlike Capa and Taro, who sought to photograph on the front lines, Chim’s great achievement is his focus on individuals outside of battle: from formal portraits of major figures to images of soldiers on the home front and peasants laboring in small towns. He was attuned to the complicated politics of the war and imbued his images with nuanced meaning. He is, with Robert Capa, one of the founding fathers of Magnum Photos agency, in 1947.
Musée Départemental Arles Antique
July 4th - September 18th
10:00 - 19:00
8 euros (The Mexican Suitcase only)
11 euros (museum + Mexican Suitcase)